The Bible: The Word of God (Jon Fryer)

A study based around Psa 19;1-14. (This study uses definitions and ideas from Wayne Grudem's Systematic Theology.)

A theologian reading Psalm 19 will tell you four things about the Bible. He will tell you that the Bible is:

1.) Authoritative
2.) Perspicuous
3.) Sufficient
4.) Necessary

These four words are not particularly important, but they do make convenient headings, so I'll define them as I go along.

 

1.) The Authority of Scripture.

'The Law of the Lord is perfect, reviving the soul.
The Precepts of the Lord are right, giving joy to the heart.
The Ordinances of the Lord are sure, and altogether righteous.’

The authority of Scripture means that all the words in the Bible (as it was originally written) are God's true words, and that to disbelieve or disobey any part of the Bible is to disbelieve or disobey God Himself.

This is what the Bible claims for itself. In the Old Testament the phrases 'This is what the Lord says' or 'Thus saith the Lord' appear hundreds of times. It’s the phrase the prophets used to tell the people that they were speaking the literal words of God, and that to disobey them was to disobey God. It also meant that the prophet could not alter the words in any way without becoming a false prophet, because to add or take away anything would prevent the people from fully obeying God's word (See Deut 4;2).

On other occasions we are told that God spoke 'through' His prophets, but all this does not mean that every single word in the Bible is God's direct speech, but only the specific words of the prophets. That is a fairly significant chunk of the Bible that actually is God's direct speech though. The New Testament tells us that every word of the Old Testament is from God. 2 Tim 3;16 tells us that all Scripture (the Greek word graphe is the technical word for all of the written Old Testament) is God-breathed. The Greek word is theopneustos which literally means 'breathed out by God', e.g. spoken. For every word God is the One who spoke, using human beings to write down His own words. This is reaffirmed in 2 Peter 1;19-21. God inspired (literally 'breathed into') men to write down His words.

So where does this leave the New Testament? In every part of the New Testament when it uses the word 'Scripture' it is using the technical word that means the Old Testament only. See 2 Peter 3;15-16 however. Peter deliberately classes Paul’s writings with the other scriptures, effectively claiming that they are the words of God in the same way as the Old Testament. In a similar way in 1 Tim 5;18 Paul quotes Jesus' words from Luke 10 and calls them 'Scripture', and in 1Cor 14;37 Paul himself claims to be speaking God's commands - it seems that the apostles knew that they were speaking with God's authority. As for the gospels, in John 14;26 and John 16;13 Jesus promises that the Holy Spirit will make sure that all of his words are remembered and interpreted correctly. (see also 1 Cor 2;13).

It is one thing to say that the Bible claims to be the words of God, but it is something else to believe and faith in that fact. The conviction that the Bible is god's word comes only when the Holy Spirit in and through the Bible into our hearts. 1 Cor 2;14 tells us that apart from the Holy Spirit no one will recognise the words of God. In addition, God does not take us aside and say 'See that book? I wrote it. Go and believe what it tells you.' Rather, when a Christian reads the words he recognises the voice of God just as you would recognise the style of a friend who wrote you a letter - See John 10;3-6+27. Only by reading the Bible can you come to recognise it for what it actually is. Other arguments are useful - the Bible is historically accurate, internally consistent, prophetically accurate, a literary masterpiece and so forth and so on - but they can not prove that the Bible is God's word. In fact, nothing can 'prove' that the Bible is God's word - If the Bible is God's word then it has the highest authority, and to hold it up to logic or history or science or reason is to say that one of these things is more important than God, and is more trustworthy than God, and that is blasphemy. Its one of those things you simply have to take on faith. If a non-Christian asks us to 'prove' that the Bible is God's word, then that is not our job, 'cos it can't be done. Rather, it is their job to 'prove' that it is not - hopefully this will at least get them to read it. If they are truly honest and looking for God then they will recognise His voice. If not, then Corinthians tells us that nothing will convince them.

Taking it on faith that the Bible is God's word then to disbelieve or disobey the Bible is to disbelieve or disobey God Himself. Thus Jesus can rebuke His disciples in Luke 24;25 for not believing the Old Testament. John 15;20 tells us that Christians must obey the disciples words (See also 2 Peter 3;2). To disobey Paul’s writings was to tempt the anger of God (2 Cor 13;2 3). On the other hand God delights in those who fear his word and obey – see Isai 66;2. All of the best preachers in history have had one thing in common - they recognise the fact that they have no authority whatsoever, and simply turn to the Bible. Their preaching draws its power to hold its audience not through jokes or witty stories or personal testimony or academic learning or rhetorical skill or personal charisma or through anything else, but simply by taking God's word, explaining it to the best of their ability and then saying 'This is God's word - Believe it and obey.' People will stop to listen to God's words - its automatic, its built into the heart of human beings, and more than perhaps anything else, that is the kind of preachers and evangelists that the church is in dire need of today.

Even if the Bible is the word of God, why should we believe it? (Apart from the fact that God is bigger than you and will beat you up if you don't!) Why should we believe the Bible? Because it can be trusted! Titus 1;2 speaks of a 'God who does not lie'. If the Bible is God's word, and God never lies then it must all be true, every single word. Heb 6;18 tells us that not only does God not lie, but that it is impossible for God to lie, because it would negate who He is. Jesus, who was and is God, said 'I AM the Way, the Truth and the Life' If He could lie then He would no longer be the Truth. In John 17;17 Jesus claims that God's words are the ultimate standard of Truth - He doesn't say that they are merely true, He says that they are the Truth itself, the standard against which all other truths are measured. Since the Bible is God's word, it must be completely true and without error, and the Bible itself claims this - See Psa 12;6 and Prov 30;5. In fact, in Psa 119;89 we are told that God's word is fixed forever in Heaven, and Jesus also speaks of the eternity of His own words in Matt 24;35. The Bible goes out of its way to make the point that God's words are totally different from the words of man - See Num 23;19.

It might not seem like it, but the truthfulness of the Bible is fundamental to Christianity. Firstly, if we say that any part of the Bible is incorrect or untrue, even on a very minor detail, then we also are saying that some very important details are false too - like the bits that claim that the Bible is perfect because God does not lie! Instead we make our own human minds higher than our trust in God - What immense arrogance some Christians have to dismiss parts of the Bible because it doesn't fit in with what they believe to be the truth! How dare we sit in judgement on God and call Him a liar?! Some times this is very subtle - people talk about 'what Jesus really said', as if the gospel authors who were under the control of the Holy Spirit actually dared to misquote Him, or about 'what Paul really thought', as if He wrote something other than what God told him to. Tripe! Admittedly there are certain problems with translation, but these are usually minor and fairly well known, so if someone tells you something about what Jesus or Paul or the Prophets said, and they can't show it to you in the Bible then you don't have to listen to them. God's word as it is written, 'Scripture', is our final authority; don't believe anything anyone tells you if they can't find it in the book.

More importantly, if we say any part of the Bible is incorrect or untrue then we say that God has lied - how then can we believe anything He has ever said? How can we trust in our very salvation? God's truthfulness is the basis of all faith. Some preachers talk about faith, especially in connection with healing, as if it depends on you - if you only believe enough then it will happen because God will honour the effort you put into believing - Tripe! That’s not biblical faith, it’s a lie from the New Age emphasis on willpower and personal achievement. One of the scariest things about the church today is that everything is based upon experience - 'I believe because I was healed', 'I believe because I fell down and experienced the peace of God', 'I believe because I felt the presence of God during the worship'. All well and good, but the Bible tells us that Satan can fake anything that God can do. (2 Cor 11;14 tells us that Satan even pretends to be an angel of Light.) We can't base anything on experience 'cos we don't know where the experience is coming from. We can't even trust our own judgement 'cos that voice in your head sometimes isn't your own mind but Satan trying to pull a fast one - What we need is some external plumb line to work out what is real and what isn't, and that plumb line is the truth of God's word. Biblical faith is simply when you believe something 'cos God said it, and you believe that it is true because God is true, and you know God is telling the truth because you know His character personally. Real biblical faith doesn't rely on you, it relies upon the character of the God you have a relationship with through Jesus Christ, empowered by the Holy Spirit. Understanding who God is, and knowing His entirely truthful nature, we can stand on the solid foundation of God's words and claim His promises in perfect assurance, and that is faith. If we do not accept the truth of the Bible then we have no faith, and are not Christians, and are not saved. The world has no higher authority to offer over the word of Christ - See Col 2;8.

 

2.) The Perspicuity of Scripture

At this point lots of very good Christians get upset with me and say 'But there are parts of the Bible I don't believe - does that mean that I’m not a Christian?' Actually, if we have faith in Jesus Christ then we do actually believe the Bible in its entirety – Jesus is the Living Word after all - its just that there are parts of it we don't understand just yet. That brings us on to the perspicuity, or clarity, of Scripture:

The clarity of Scripture means that the Bible is written in such a way that it can and will be understood by everyone who reads it seeking God's help and who is willing to obey.

Admittedly parts of the Bible are very difficult to understand. In fact the Bible itself admits this in 2 Pet 3;15-16. Despite this, nowhere does it say that it is impossible to understand, only difficult. Often the Bible talks about its own clarity and our responsibility to read and understand it. In Deut 6;6-7 all of the Israelites were expected to understand God's word well enough to teach it to their children, and this isn't merely rote repetition 'cos they were to discuss it and its application to everyday life whenever possible.

Back in Psalm 19 where we started it says 'The statutes of the Lord are trustworthy, making wise the simple'. Likewise in Psa 119;130. The Bible is so clear that even the simple can understand it and be made wise by it. The Hebrew word for 'simple' here is peti. It means not only one who is not intellectual, but also those who are prone to making mistakes, and who are easily led astray into sin. God's word is so understandable, so clear, that even sinners like ourselves can be made wise by it - no Christian is ever so stupid that they can not read the Bible.

So many people nowadays tell us how hard it is to read and understand the Bible, but Jesus never ever answered those who came to question Him with 'I see your problem - the Bible isn't very clear on the subject' Instead He says 'Have you not read...' (Matt 12;3, Matt 12;5, Matt 19;14, Matt 22;31 etc.), or He says 'Have you never read in the Scriptures...' (Matt 21;42), or even 'You are in error because you do not know the Scriptures or the power of God'
(Matt 22;29).

Jesus gets right to the real problem there - the problem isn't that we can't understand the Bible, the problem is very often that we don't want to, because it will mean changing our attitude and lifestyle. The Bible often tells us that the ability to understand the Bible is not intellectual, but moral and/or spiritual - See 1 Cor 2;14, 2 Cor 3;14-16, 2 Cor 4;3-4+6, Heb 5;11-14, and James 1;5-6. Although the NT claims that the Bible is written clearly, it also says that it will not be understood by those who are unwilling to follow its teachings – see John 8;43-47. The Bible can be understood by all who read it sincerely seeking salvation, and by all believers seeking the assistance of the Holy Spirit, for in both cases the Spirit works to overcome the sin that clouds our minds and that makes the truth appear foolish - See 1Cor 1;18-25 and James 1;22-25. Very often our problem is not in understanding the Bible; instead the problem is in our relationship with God, the Living Word, and with the sin in our own lives. The wisdom Psalm 19 talks about comes not from the head but from the heart. True understanding of the Bible comes from obedience, as it says in James. Jesus is described as the Living Word because in his life he lived out everything the Bible says. To 'understand' the word of God you just have to copy Jesus, and in that you will have kept the entire Bible by keeping the two laws with which Jesus sums up the whole thing in Matt 22;37-40 - 'Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength, and Love your neighbour as yourself. All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.' Very often our problem is not lack of understanding but rather a lack of love.

3.) The Sufficiency of Scripture

The sufficiency (the 'enough-ness') of Scripture means that the Bible contains all the words of God we need for salvation, for trusting Him perfectly and for obeying him perfectly.

The Bible tells us that it contains in itself all of the words of God necessary for finding salvation through Jesus Christ. James 1;17-18 and 1 Pet 1;23 seem to indicate this. 2 Tim 3;15-17 states this even more explicitly and goes further, telling us that the Bible contains all the words of God needed to equip us for Christian life. If there is any good work that God requires of a Christian then the Bible contains the information for training him to it. Psa 119;1 equates being blameless with those who walk in the Law of the Lord - All that is necessary for perfect obedience is found in the Bible. Is there anything more we must do? No! To obey God's word is to be completely blameless and to do every good work.

Naturally we will never obey the whole thing in this life - Alas, we are fallen and sinful - and thus it may not seem important to say that we have all of God's commandments in the Bible since we are never going to keep them all anyway. However the truth of the sufficiency of Scripture is very useful to our Christian living because it allows us to focus our search for God's will. It is useful in several ways:

Firstly we are reminded that we are to add nothing to the Bible, to take nothing from the Bible, and to consider no other writings to be of equal value to the Scriptures (Rev 22;18-19). If we want to know everything that God wants His people to know about divorce for example then we know where to look. The Bible contains everything that He thought important for us to know. Unlike the Roman Catholic Church we do not have to wade through the collected writings of every Christian who ever lived - It might take a little effort to search through the whole Bible, but its a lot easier than searching through the entire library! This also helps us to avoid false teaching. It does not matter if some parts of the Book of Mormon are true for instance, because the fact is irrelevant - we already have the complete statement of everything God wanted us to know, and it is in the Bible alone we look for the truth.

Secondly we are reminded that no modern 'revelations' from God are to be considered equal to the authority of Scripture. If someone has a word from God, or a prophecy, or a new teaching then it may be useful, but it should not replace the Bible. Rather, if it is backed up by Scripture, fine; if it doesn't, consider prayerfully; if it actually contradicts the Bible, ignore it; but the Bible should be the judge of everything else and not vice versa. Whenever something outside of the Bible has been made equal to the Bible in a church then the result has always been to deemphasise the teaching of the word of God, and this in turn almost always leads to false teaching creeping in. For example, in churches where the (so-called) Toronto Blessing has been made into a big thing then often the congregation spends so much time arguing over the do's and don't's that they forget to teach the Bible itself, and it is at that point that things have usually started to get dodgy.

Thirdly we are reminded that nothing is sin unless the Bible says it is sin either explicitly or by implication, for to walk in the law of the Lord is to be blameless. Some 'radical' Christians make claims that it is wrong for a Christian to do all sorts of things - to drink caffeine or alcohol, to visit the cinema or to read certain books or to do a thousand other things. They are actually doing what the Pharisees did in Jesus' time, making up senseless rules and then condemning those who break them. A lot of Christians waste a lot of time praying for forgiveness and spiritual victory over things that are not sin at all, or worse allow guilt over these not-sins to damage their real Christian lives. Satan laughs, 'cos if he can't catch a Christian with sin then he'll try to catch them with over-righteousness - See Eccl 7;16-18. However, we know that all we have to do to be perfect is to obey God's laws - man's distortion of God's law is irrelevant.

Fourthly we are reminded that nothing is required of us by God that is not commanded in the Bible either explicitly or by implication. The focus of our search for God's will ought to be upon Scripture, and not on praying for guidance apart from Scripture. Perhaps more than anything else in this section, this is what the church needs to learn - we spend countless hours praying to know God's will, but often are very uncertain about whether we have found it or not. This usually means that we do not try very hard to do God's will ('cos who can know it?) and in turn this results in little growth in holiness and obedience before God. The opposite should be true. We know where to find God's will, and the clarity of Scripture means that when we seek His will in Scripture, by His Spirit, then He will show us His will plainly and clearly. The knowledge of this truth could probably free a lot of Christians from a lot of worry and wasted effort and confusion - See also Psa 119;44-45 and Psa 119;165 - If God wants us to do something (every good deed) then it will be in the Bible.

Finally the sufficiency of Scripture encourages us to try and discover God's will for us in every situation - we know that whatever God wants to tell us we can find in this book, and we should turn to it frequently and eagerly. This does not mean that the Bible has all the answers - See Deut 29;29 - 'cos God still has some secrets, but it does mean that we get to know Him better. Frequent turning to God and His word for instruction results in a closer relationship with Him, and this greater understanding leads to a greater ability to live like Him which results in a closer relationship with Him. Its the reason He gave us the Bible in the first place.

4.) The Necessity of Scripture

The necessity of Scripture means that although the Bible is NOT essential for knowing that God exists or for knowing in general about His character and moral laws, the Bible IS necessary for coming to salvation through Jesus Christ, and for the maintenance of spiritual life.

The Bible is not necessary for people to realise that there is a God - they only have to look around them to see that - Psa 19;1-4 for example. Similarly, Paul speaks of God in Acts 14;16-17. Even those who sinfully deny God's truth can not avoid the evidence for his existence – Rom 1;19-23. Furthermore, even the pagans have a God-given conscience and a basic knowledge of God's moral law, even if they ignore it - Rom 1;29-32. However, there is no salvation outside of faith in Jesus Christ, and no personal relationship with Him without the Word. In Psalm 19 it talks of God being revealed in Creation, but it only uses the word El, ‘God in Creation’, ‘God in general’. The word 'LORD', the personal name of God, YHWH, is not used until the Psalm begins to speak of God's word in verse 7, and thereafter it is used seven times, symbolising perfect knowledge of the perfect law, Jesus Christ, the Living Word of God.

The Word of God is necessary to salvation - See Rom 10;13-17. The verses reason in this way: 1.) One must call upon the name of the Lord to be saved. 2.) People can only call on the Name of the Lord if they believe in Him. 3.) People can not believe in Christ the Lord unless they have heard of Him. 4.) They can not hear of Him unless someone tells them – a preacher, if you will. 5.) Conclusion - Saving faith, salvation, comes from hearing and believing the gospel message that comes through the preaching of the word of Christ. The implication seems to be that without hearing the preaching of the Gospel no one can be saved. The Bible is necessary for salvation then in this sense - one must either read the gospel message about Christ in the Bible for oneself, or hear it from another person, because salvation comes from Christ alone (John 3;18, John 14;16, Acts 4;12 etc.) and the truth about Him is only found in the Bible, as we have already seen. At this point someone usually brings up the OT patriarchs and prophets etc. - How then were they saved? Even the Jews are saved by faith in Christ through belief in God's word. See Heb 11;13+24-26 and John 8;56. Moses and Abraham and the others looked forward to the promise of Christ - they relied upon the truth of God's word to them, and were saved by the faith they had in Christ that they gained through trust in God's promises to them.

It always amazed me how the Bible was so often left out at University Christian Union evangelistic meetings - 'It might offend people, and we want to get them in to listen after all'. OK, but to listen to what? The one thing they need to hear is the one thing we would leave out. The Bible tells us that the words of God go out from His mouth and do not return to Him until they have accomplished His will. For example, Gen 1;3 - 'God said 'Let there be...' and there was.' Matt 8;3 - 'Jesus said 'Be clean!' and at that very moment the man was healed'. In technical English this is called the 'Performative utterance' - the act of uttering the words actually performs the action they describe. In Hebrew they call the effect Bath qol, which means 'the daughter of the Voice', for the act of speaking gives birth to the desired effect. It was the spoken words of God that gave birth to the universe and sustain it by His command. In this day and age God's will for His word is that it go forth to save the lost - Matt 28;18-20, the final words Jesus spoke to His disciples, His commandment for the coming church age. I personally believe that if the word of God had been faithfully and prayerfully preached at those C.U. meetings then it would have reached out to those people whom it was meant to have reached and gone straight into their hearts. It would have grabbed them and it would not have let them go. Anyone who is 'offended' by the word about Christ has already hardened their heart and is already lost - 1 Cor 1;18-2;5.

I believe that each and every Christian has a part to play in preaching the Gospel, for the Bible tells us that the harvest is vast, the workers are few, and not only that, but that time is short as well, so we should make every word count - 1 Pet 4;6-11, Eph 5;15-20, Col 4;2-6. Some of us, most of us even, do not have the gift of being a preacher however, so how can we preach the word of God? If we learn just one thing from the life of Jesus we learn this fact - actions speak louder than words. If we live and love in the way that Jesus did then we actually preach the gospel far louder than our voices could, for 'the Kingdom of God is not only a matter of words but of power' (1 Cor 4;20). Any 'official' preacher whose lifestyle does not match his words can not preach with the authority and power of God, but every Christian who walks in the Way of Christ is a true preacher and preaches Christ with their lives without speaking a single word. The importance of love as the fulfilment and the living out of the entire word of God can not be emphasised enough – see 1 Cor 13;1-13.

The other part of the definition of the necessity of Scripture says that the Bible is necessary for the maintenance of spiritual life. Preaching snatches back the lives the Satan has stolen, and merely living the Christian life is effective preaching in and of itself, and so the enemy is going to attack that life through temptation and sin. However in James 4;7 we are told to 'Submit yourselves then to God. Resist the Devil and He will flee from you.' That is the imagery of conflict, a battle, and it is through His word that God supplies us with the armour and weapons we need to fight the war and win - See Eph 6;10-20. That’s our equipment, but did you notice that the only weapon we have there (Verse 17) is the Word of God? - all of the rest is for defence. The only thing we have to make an impact on Satan’s kingdom, as we have already said, is the preaching of the word of God. For once the Greek word for 'Word' is not logos, ‘the Living Word’, but rather rhema, ‘the spoken word’. The preaching of the word of God is a weapon that will demolish the strongholds of the enemy in the hearers life – see 2 Cor 10;3-5. Heb 4;12-15 also describes the Bible as a sword. The sword is two-edged because not only can it be used to attack the enemy's power as we have just seen, but because it can also be used in defence of our own spiritual lives. In Luke 4;1-13 we are told of the temptation of Christ. Jesus, always our example, resists every attack by returning to the Truth of the word of God. He says 'It is written...', and therefore is true, and all of Satan’s lies, distortions and half truths are shown up to be false. Jesus uses the verses as if he is fencing with the enemy - attack meets defence, Bible-sword blocks Satan's lies. To carry the fencing image further however, fencing needs practice! If you get good at fencing but then let it slip for six months then it all falls apart - the knowledge is still there, but the subconscious reflexes are gone. The same is true with the Bible. I may know the whole thing backwards, but if I don't put in regular time then my responses to a spiritual threat are often too slow. A soldiers training is no good without constant practice, and a Christian tends to be naff without regular Bible reading. You don't have to be good at it, and you don't have to be intelligent, you just have to be faithful and prayerful - and then God is very good at showing you just what you need to get through the day in one piece! Some Christians have got it into their heads that the Bible is only for preachers and teachers and leaders and that they either are not clever enough or do not have to bother or whatever. This is wrong - See Col 3;16-17. All Christians are called to teach and encourage each other with the word of Christ. Not only is this wrong, its also dangerous. A Christian who neglects the Bible is a soldier going off to war without knowing how his weapons work, and such a soldier is a danger to his own side and at best leaves his companions unguarded. He also tends to get dead, and get dead very quickly. When Moses wrote down the very first parts of the Bible he understood this - See Deut 32;46-47.

The Bible not only preserves spiritual life but also sustains it - See Deut 8;3. It is the word of God that causes us to grow in the Christian faith - 1 Pet 2;2-3. Such growth comes about from obedience to God's word, and indeed obedience is how we know, how we know, that we are children of God - 1 John 5;1-3 - and we know how to obey God and love as He loves because we are told how in the Bible -

'The secret things belong to the Lord our God, but the things revealed belong to us and to our children forever, that we may follow all the words of this law.' (Deut 29;29).

'THE BIBLE SAYS IT, I BELIEVE IT, THAT SETTLES IT.'

…and that, as they say, is that.

Jesus the Man
What was Jesus like?

The Character of God
How do we know what God is like?

The Authority of Scripture
How should we obey what the Bible teaches us?

The Wise Mans Tragedy
What can we learn from Solomon?

Obedience
What can we learn from the mother of Jesus?

Cain and Abel
What can we learn from the first murderer?

Aslan
Who is Aslan? Who is Jesus?

When the Fire Burns Low
How do we cope when we have grown tired of God's way?

Fix Your Eyes
How do we look for God?

Stewardship
Why should we look after the world God has given us?

Stability
How do we know who we are in God?

Lent - Pride, Doubt and Jealousy
What is the period of Lent all about?

Doorkeepers
I would rather be a doorkeeper in the House of God than dwell in the tents of the wicked...

Close Encounters
How do get to have intimacy with God?

Air
Can we feel the breath of God?

Hearing From God
How can I hear what God wants to say to me?

The Story We Find Ourselves In
The Bible tells the story of all creation - what is my part in that story?

Passover
What does Passover mean to us as Christians?

Life
What does it mean to say that Jesus is alive?

Fruit
What is the Fruit of the Holy Spirit?

Wait
Teaching for Christmas Eve...

Authority
What does it mean to have authority?

Tired
What can we do when it all seems like too much?

I Will Be With You
What does it mean to say "God is with us"?

Angels
What are angels, and what can we learn from what the Bible says about them?

Fire
A contemplative service for Pentecost

Water
A creative/contemplative baptism service

Guidance
How do we know what we should do?

Stones
A creative prayer/worship service

The Holy Spirit
Who is the Holy Spirit, and what does (s)he do?

A Relationship With Jesus
What does it mean to have a 'relationship' with the Son of God?

The Pilgrim's Progress
If we keep our eyes on the prize, what a journey it could be!

Heroes, Promises and Trust
How does our relationship with Jesus realy work?

Warrior's Confession
A liturgy for masculine prayer

Living Life to the Full
How do we get the most out of life?

Abraham
What is so speacial about the faith of Abraham?

The Presence of God
What does it mean to say God is present?

How Do I Know My Faith is Real?
We all wrestle with doubt, so how can we cope?

Who is Jesus?
...and what does he want from you?

To Act Justly Every Day...
What does the Lord your God require of you?

Sex and Self Image
Don't you know how beautiful you are?

Obedience
Will you let Jesus be in charge?

Recognising Jesus
Would you know him if he met you on the road?

The Person of the Holy Spirit
Who is the Holy Spirit, and what does (s)he do?

The Passion of the King
What does Jesus really want?

Joy
How can we really 'count it all joy'?

More Than Words
"... but words can never hurt me"?

The Armour of God
What tools does God give us to protect us from the Enemy?

The Heart of the Gospel
The Kingdom of Heaven has drawn near to you, therefore...

Following Jesus
Do you really want to follow him?

Preaching Skills
How should I prepare to give a sermon?

Healing
The gift of healing comes from the Holy Spirit, but how does it work?

Church
The People of God

The Bible
What does it mean when we say that the Bible is the Word of God?

Jesus Part 2: The Deity of Christ
How can Jesus be God and Man at the same time?

Jesus Part 1: Who Do You Say I Am?
Who is Jesus, and why does He matter?

Temptation
How do we resist?

Holiness
What is holiness and how do we try to achieve it?

The Art of Spiritual Warfare
We're in a constant battle, so how do we try and prepare to fight?

Forgiveness Part Two: Forgiving Others
What is forgiveness and why do we need to forgive others?

Forgiveness Part One: Forgiven by God
Why does it seem so often that God is a million miles away?

Prayer Part Two: Receiving From God
Why does it seem so often that God is a million miles away?

Prayer Part One: The Lords Prayer
We look in detail at the Lords Prayer

Prophecy
It's one of the spiritual gifts, but what exactly is it, how does it happen?

Becoming a Christian
What is a Christian, how do you become one?

Basics of Christianity
Here we delve into the Nicene Creed